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A PICO analysis is used to pose a focused clinical question to which you find appropriate evidence-based answers. The PICO question should include the patient or population (P), anticipated intervention (I), comparison group or current standard (C), and outcome desired (O). In this Assignment, you develop a question related to dementia, delirium, or depression. Through your PICO analysis, you explore various resources and examine current evidence to answer the question you develop.

To prepare:

  • Select one of the following disorders as your topic: dementia, delirium, or depression.
  • Review the guidelines in the “Literature Review Matrix” document in this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Think about a research question around your issue as indicated in Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic.
  • Consider the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings as indicated in Part II: Search Strategy.
  • Using the Walden Library and other appropriate databases, locate five articles related to your PICO question. At least one article must be a systematic review. All of the articles should be primary sources.
  • Reflect on the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Consider the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.
  • Consider how to use the summaries in Part III to create an evidence table. Use this evidence table to determine appropriate treatment options for patients who present with the disorder you selected as your topic.

To complete:

  • Formulate a question around the disorder you selected as indicated in Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic.
  • Identify the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings as indicated in Part II: Search Strategy.
  • Summarize the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Describe the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.
  • Create an evidence table based on the article summaries in Part III. Describe appropriate treatment options for patients based on this evidence table.
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    literature_review.docx

Discussion: Using Research to Select a Therapeutic Modality

Imagine that some of your colleagues mention using cognitive behavior therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and reality therapy. Your colleagues continue to say that based on their experiences, they really like these therapies and that they appear to work. Your instincts also tell you that perhaps they might be helpful for your client in your case study. However, from Week 1, you recall that experiences and instincts as sources of knowledge are quite limited because they are biased. Instead, it is important to utilize existing research and data to support your choices of interventions. Theory helps inform the evidence-based practice process that should guide social workers’ practice.

In this Discussion, you examine the research related to a therapy based on cognitive or cognitive behavior theory to determine its effectiveness.

To prepare:

  • Recall the client from the case study you have been using in this course. You will apply your research for this Discussion to that client.
  • Select one therapy from the following: cognitive behavior therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, or reality therapy.
  • Conduct a search in the Walden Library for one peer-reviewed research study about the effectiveness of the therapy you selected.
    • Note: You must select a study that has not already been used by a colleague in the Discussion. Each student is required to identify a unique research study.
  • Remember when looking for studies to take into account your client’s age and developmental stage and presenting problem.

By Day 3

Post:

  • Provide the reference for the study you found using APA guidelines.
  • Briefly paraphrase, in 2 to 3 sentences, the methodological context (i.e., research method, how data was collected, and the instruments used) of the study and the findings.
  • Evaluate the findings in terms of its applicability or appropriateness for the client in your case study.
  • Determine whether you would use or not use the therapy you selected for the client in your selected case study (consider how culturally relevant it is, how aligned it is with social work ethics, etc.) and explain wh
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    TheoryIntoPracticeFourSocialWorkCaseStudies.docx