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The musculoskeletal system is made up of voluntary muscles and connective tissue and has a variety of functions. Connective tissue includes bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and fascia (Lewis et al., 2017 as cited by Falkner & Green, 2020). Normal findings of the musculoskeletal system include full range of motion of each joint set with no observable abnormalities and no sign of pain from the patient (National Center for Biotechnology, n.d.). Abnormal findings when doing a musculoskeletal examination would include numbness, edema, increased warmth, muscle spasms, decreased range of movement, stiffness, or tenderness (Huether et al., 2017; Porth, 2014 as cited by Falkner & Green, 2020) associated with pain. Some examples of abnormal musculoskeletal condition are osteoporis and muscle atrophy.

Important organs that secrete hormones are responsible for the endocrine system in the body effecting the metabolic system. Alterations because of stress or illness such as birth defects, surgery, trauma, cancer, infection, or autoimmune disease effect the production and secretion of hormones (Falkner & Green, 2020). One of the biggest issues is diabetes because of lack of insulin production or secretion. Abnormalities include hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.

Sepsis is one of the main concerns when it comes to multisystem response. Sepsis is when the is an infection in the blood and can lead systemic inflammation. The first stage of sepsis is systemic inflammatory response (SIRS). In this stage the symptoms include tachycardia, tachypnea and a high fever or low fever and a high white blood cell count. The hope is to catch it by this point and not let it go any further.

What are your thoughts

The musculoskeletal system is made up of voluntary muscles and connective tissue and has a variety of functions. Connective tissue includes bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and fascia (Lewis et al., 2017 as cited by Falkner & Green, 2020). Normal findings of the musculoskeletal system include full range of motion of each joint set with no observable abnormalities and no sign of pain from the patient (National Center for Biotechnology, n.d.). Abnormal findings when doing a musculoskeletal examination would include numbness, edema, increased warmth, muscle spasms, decreased range of movement, stiffness, or tenderness (Huether et al., 2017; Porth, 2014 as cited by Falkner & Green, 2020) associated with pain. Some examples of abnormal musculoskeletal condition are osteoporis and muscle atrophy.

Important organs that secrete hormones are responsible for the endocrine system in the body effecting the metabolic system. Alterations because of stress or illness such as birth defects, surgery, trauma, cancer, infection, or autoimmune disease effect the production and secretion of hormones (Falkner & Green, 2020). One of the biggest issues is diabetes because of lack of insulin production or secretion. Abnormalities include hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.

Sepsis is one of the main concerns when it comes to multisystem response. Sepsis is when the is an infection in the blood and can lead systemic inflammation. The first stage of sepsis is systemic inflammatory response (SIRS). In this stage the symptoms include tachycardia, tachypnea and a high fever or low fever and a high white blood cell count. The hope is to catch it by this point and not let it go any further.

 

What are your thoughts??

The health and vitality of Americans are critical to the productivity and innovation essential for our nation’s future. Hence disease prevention is more important in everyday life. The National Prevention Strategy is a model for our nation to provide the most useful and attainable means for leading a healthy lifestyle. This broad plan includes four strategic directions that serve as the base for all prevention efforts. The National Prevention Strategy such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will change our nation’s health-care system to prevention and wellness rather than the treatment of sickness and disease. The main strategies to be followed to achieve this prevention and wellness plan are to provide Healthy and safe community environments by increasing the quality of our nation’s air, land, and water, to avoid exposure to environmental hazards. Similarly, increasing the clinical and community preventives services such as immunizations and cancer screenings will reduce subsequent health care costs. Also, people should be empowered to be responsible and informed to practice a healthy lifestyle such as healthy & nutritional foods, exercises, and establishing positive social interactions. Eliminating health disparities are also another important aspect so that a disproportionate burden of illness and disease can be avoided (Benjamin, 2011).

National Prevention Strategy has also identified some important priority areas to improve the health of the American people, particularly those who are disproportionately affected by disease and injury. These are tobacco-free living, preventing drug abuse and excessive alcohol use, healthy eating active living, injury- and violence-free living, reproductive and sexual health and, mental and emotional well-being (Benjamin, 2011).

Everyone will interact with a nurse at some point in their lives. Nurses are high-level thinkers with exceptional skills and considerable ability to communicate, negotiate, coordinate, and collaborate in order to deliver care (Sullivan, 2004). When nurses are working within a health promotion model, every interaction with a client can be an educational intervention (Rankin 2005). For example, while changing the dressing of a diabetic foot ulcer, nurses get the opportunity to educate the requirement of regular blood sugar testing and diabetic control. When a patient comes to a clinic or doctor’s office, with a cut, it’s the perfect time to check the chart for the last tetanus booster. Similarly, during a home visit to discuss newborn care, it is the perfect opportunity for the nurse to discuss the childhood vaccine schedule, recommended vitamin supplements, or even the developmental milestones of an older sibling. This way, nurses are practicing health promotion strategies constantly (Jones, 2015).

What are your thoughts??

The health and vitality of Americans are critical to the productivity and innovation essential for our nation’s future. Hence disease prevention is more important in everyday life. The National Prevention Strategy is a model for our nation to provide the most useful and attainable means for leading a healthy lifestyle. This broad plan includes four strategic directions that serve as the base for all prevention efforts. The National Prevention Strategy such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will change our nation’s health-care system to prevention and wellness rather than the treatment of sickness and disease. The main strategies to be followed to achieve this prevention and wellness plan are to provide Healthy and safe community environments by increasing the quality of our nation’s air, land, and water, to avoid exposure to environmental hazards. Similarly, increasing the clinical and community preventives services such as immunizations and cancer screenings will reduce subsequent health care costs. Also, people should be empowered to be responsible and informed to practice a healthy lifestyle such as healthy & nutritional foods, exercises, and establishing positive social interactions. Eliminating health disparities are also another important aspect so that a disproportionate burden of illness and disease can be avoided (Benjamin, 2011).

National Prevention Strategy has also identified some important priority areas to improve the health of the American people, particularly those who are disproportionately affected by disease and injury. These are tobacco-free living, preventing drug abuse and excessive alcohol use, healthy eating active living, injury- and violence-free living, reproductive and sexual health and, mental and emotional well-being (Benjamin, 2011).

Everyone will interact with a nurse at some point in their lives. Nurses are high-level thinkers with exceptional skills and considerable ability to communicate, negotiate, coordinate, and collaborate in order to deliver care (Sullivan, 2004). When nurses are working within a health promotion model, every interaction with a client can be an educational intervention (Rankin 2005). For example, while changing the dressing of a diabetic foot ulcer, nurses get the opportunity to educate the requirement of regular blood sugar testing and diabetic control. When a patient comes to a clinic or doctor’s office, with a cut, it’s the perfect time to check the chart for the last tetanus booster. Similarly, during a home visit to discuss newborn care, it is the perfect opportunity for the nurse to discuss the childhood vaccine schedule, recommended vitamin supplements, or even the developmental milestones of an older sibling. This way, nurses are practicing health promotion strategies constantly (Jones, 2015).

What are your thoughts??

The health and vitality of Americans are critical to the productivity and innovation essential for our nation’s future. Hence disease prevention is more important in everyday life. The National Prevention Strategy is a model for our nation to provide the most useful and attainable means for leading a healthy lifestyle. This broad plan includes four strategic directions that serve as the base for all prevention efforts. The National Prevention Strategy such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will change our nation’s health-care system to prevention and wellness rather than the treatment of sickness and disease. The main strategies to be followed to achieve this prevention and wellness plan are to provide Healthy and safe community environments by increasing the quality of our nation’s air, land, and water, to avoid exposure to environmental hazards. Similarly, increasing the clinical and community preventives services such as immunizations and cancer screenings will reduce subsequent health care costs. Also, people should be empowered to be responsible and informed to practice a healthy lifestyle such as healthy & nutritional foods, exercises, and establishing positive social interactions. Eliminating health disparities are also another important aspect so that a disproportionate burden of illness and disease can be avoided (Benjamin, 2011).

National Prevention Strategy has also identified some important priority areas to improve the health of the American people, particularly those who are disproportionately affected by disease and injury. These are tobacco-free living, preventing drug abuse and excessive alcohol use, healthy eating active living, injury- and violence-free living, reproductive and sexual health and, mental and emotional well-being (Benjamin, 2011).

Everyone will interact with a nurse at some point in their lives. Nurses are high-level thinkers with exceptional skills and considerable ability to communicate, negotiate, coordinate, and collaborate in order to deliver care (Sullivan, 2004). When nurses are working within a health promotion model, every interaction with a client can be an educational intervention (Rankin 2005). For example, while changing the dressing of a diabetic foot ulcer, nurses get the opportunity to educate the requirement of regular blood sugar testing and diabetic control. When a patient comes to a clinic or doctor’s office, with a cut, it’s the perfect time to check the chart for the last tetanus booster. Similarly, during a home visit to discuss newborn care, it is the perfect opportunity for the nurse to discuss the childhood vaccine schedule, recommended vitamin supplements, or even the developmental milestones of an older sibling. This way, nurses are practicing health promotion strategies constantly (Jones, 2015).

What are your thoughts??

Nurse leaders are known for their leadership skills, knowledgeable resources and a person of power. To be able to run a successful team or a successful department in the hospital, a nurse leader must advocate for their employees. Nurse leaders run a department of a hospital but it is ultimately the staff nurses that provide safe and effective patient care, adapt to changes of the department and to meet the needs of the hospital. A way that nurse leaders advocate for their employees by treating everyone with the same respect and fairness. If a leader is fair in all measures of leading a team, then favoritism is eliminated. Another example is how “nursing leaders can advocate for staff by actively involving staff in decisions that directly affect the practice environment” (Tomajan, 2012). Actively involving staff can make them feel wanted and part of a team that they want to work hard for and take the time to make it better. Nurse leaders can also advocate for nursing resources that are used every day by patient care.

Advocacy for nurse leaders directly to employees can affect patient care and outcomes in many ways. If nurses have the proper resources such as supplies to care for their patients, breaks when needed, and interpersonal relationship with their leaders and managers in the department and hospital that they work in, then providing safe and efficient care is easy. If nurses have proper staffing, nurses are able to care for each patient in a safe, timely manner. If staff nurses feel safe with expressing fears and frustrations and having support from nurse leaders, then they are more likely to work feeling positive and uplifted by their nurse leaders.  Effective and meaningful leadership can lead staff nurses down the path of support, a positive environment and a successful department to care for patients and their families.

What are your thoughts??

Nurse leaders are known for their leadership skills, knowledgeable resources and a person of power. To be able to run a successful team or a successful department in the hospital, a nurse leader must advocate for their employees. Nurse leaders run a department of a hospital but it is ultimately the staff nurses that provide safe and effective patient care, adapt to changes of the department and to meet the needs of the hospital. A way that nurse leaders advocate for their employees by treating everyone with the same respect and fairness. If a leader is fair in all measures of leading a team, then favoritism is eliminated. Another example is how “nursing leaders can advocate for staff by actively involving staff in decisions that directly affect the practice environment” (Tomajan, 2012). Actively involving staff can make them feel wanted and part of a team that they want to work hard for and take the time to make it better. Nurse leaders can also advocate for nursing resources that are used every day by patient care.

Advocacy for nurse leaders directly to employees can affect patient care and outcomes in many ways. If nurses have the proper resources such as supplies to care for their patients, breaks when needed, and interpersonal relationship with their leaders and managers in the department and hospital that they work in, then providing safe and efficient care is easy. If nurses have proper staffing, nurses are able to care for each patient in a safe, timely manner. If staff nurses feel safe with expressing fears and frustrations and having support from nurse leaders, then they are more likely to work feeling positive and uplifted by their nurse leaders.  Effective and meaningful leadership can lead staff nurses down the path of support, a positive environment and a successful department to care for patients and their families.

What are your thoughts

A common neurologic problem today is a stroke. Strokes can be causes by excessive bleeding or a blood clot in the area of the brain. Bleeding or clot causes lack of blood flow to the brain and prevents oxygen from flowing into the brain. This is where it becomes a stroke. Strokes are amongst the leading causes of death where every four minutes someone is dying from a stroke and also an important fact is that 80% of these are preventable (Falkner & Green, 2018). Important to know as nurse the acronym BE FAST which allows for knowledge of the main stroke symptoms and of course when seeing these symptoms we must act fast to assist our patients. Noting if the patient has a loss in their balance, how is their vision, is their face symmetrical, are they having weakness or numbness in one arm, are they slurring speech or having any difficulty speaking and if any of these symptoms are present to be quick and get help (if in the hospital Code Stroke/RRT or call 9-1-1 elsewhere).

Prevention of strokes starts with changing one’s lifestyle. Lifestyle changes and modifications can assist with living a healthy life and one without disease. Some modifiable lifestyle changes include a healthy diet of low fats, increasing physical activity, weight loss and quitting smoking. Stroke is often times related to other health problems including hypertension, AFIB and diabetes. Due to this relation, it is important to have control over these health condition including compliance with medications and also making necessary lifestyle changes to improve overall health.

What are your thoughts

Elimination complexities consist of the renal, pancreatic, hepatic, biliary and gastrointestinal systems within the body (Whitney, 2018). As one ages, there are normal age-related changes that occur that can affect an individual such as changes in kidney size, decrease in muscle tone of the bladder which can cause urinary retention, frequency and urgency. Other normal age-related changes include dry mouth, difficulty swallowing, slower gastrointestinal mobility which can lead to constipation and also decrease in appetite from decrease in sense and taste of food (Whitney, 2018). There are abnormal problems that can occur such as renal failure, benign prostatic hyperplasia, hepatitis, cholelithiasis, hernias, appendicitis, GI bleeding and GERD (Whitney, 2018).

These elimination complexities can affect daily routines, normalcy and ability to function throughout the day. Urinary frequency and urgency can cause accidents to occur which can lead to embarrassment that they could not make it to the bathroom in time. Constipation can lead to straining when having a bowel movement in turn possible discomfort and hemorrhoids. Decreased appetite can contribute to unneeded or necessary weight loss and cause potentially anorexia of the body and different muscles in the body such as the heart. Other problems can lead to discomfort in daily life and pain until medically treated. Nurse’s play an important role in providing support to the patient’s psychological and emotional needs. Nurses must first assess the situation appropriately and ensure that they are advocating for the patient’s well-being. A major part of nursing is to assist with preventing further deterioration and ensuring continued independence in patient’s lives. An example of preventing further deterioration is education on follow up care and regimens. If the patient is unaware of the medications to take, how to proceed with activity and diet plan and any other outside resources they can be unsuccessful. Therefore, nursing education plays an important role in assisting these individuals and promoting their independence.