. How has theology impacted personality theory? (Points : 1)

      [removed] Religion makes assumptions about good and evil, as well as about which traits we should strive for, and these have been incorporated into personality theories.
      [removed] Many of today’s DSM personality disorders borrow heavily from Buddhist texts describing people who failed to find a path to enlightenment.
      [removed] Religion can greatly alter an individual’s personality.
      [removed] Religious concepts, such as the Buddhist concept of mindfulness, are rejected by serious clinicians.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 2. 2. How is the concept of “traits” related to the “big five” factors of personality? (Points : 1)

      [removed] Both part of psychodynamic theory.
      [removed] Traits are stable, enduring qualities, but the “big five” factors of personality can vary widely throughout the lifespan.
      [removed] Traits are the more specific constructs that make up the “big five” factors of personality.
      [removed] Wilhelm Wundt argued that traits and the “big five” factors of personality are the building blocks of personality.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 3. 3. Which statistical method is the most important and among the most frequently used in personality research today? (Points : 1)

      [removed] meta-analysis
      [removed] factor analysis
      [removed] multivariate analysis
      [removed] random analysis

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 4. 4. Which theorist introduced systemic eclecticism, the systematic attempt to integrate various psychological theories? (Points : 1)

      [removed] William James
      [removed] Gordon Allport
      [removed] Henry Murray
      [removed] Charles Darwin

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 5. 5. Which theoretical orientation asserts that differences in behavior and personality can be attributed to differences in brain activation? (Points : 1)

      [removed] trait
      [removed] evolutionary
      [removed] interpersonal/relational
      [removed] neurobiological

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 6. 6. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) is an example of which type of assessment? (Points : 1)

      [removed] objective test
      [removed] structured interview
      [removed] projective test
      [removed] subjective test

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 7. 7. Freud called any group of symptoms typified by anxiety and some degree of social maladjustment a(n) (Points : 1)

      [removed] neurosis.
      [removed] defense mechanism.
      [removed] obsession.
      [removed] transference.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 8. 8. All of the following examples would be considered a psychodynamic method of assessment EXCEPT (Points : 1)

      [removed] the Thematic Apperception test.
      [removed] the Rorschach Inkblot test.
      [removed] the Word Association task.
      [removed] the Dream Association test.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 9. 9. Freud stated that the id is a _____ process. Because of this, it operates on the _____ principle, seeking to avoid pain and maximize pleasure. (Points : 1)

      [removed] secondary; pleasure
      [removed] primary; pleasure
      [removed] tertiary; satisfaction
      [removed] self-fulfilling; satisfaction

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 10. 10. Karen Horney’s reinterpretation of penis envy stated that (Points : 1)

      [removed] women were not envious of the anatomical structure but rather the social advantage that came with it.
      [removed] women were not just envious of a man’s penis but also of the generally stronger physical bodies of men.
      [removed] men were also envious of women’s breasts and their ability to nurse their children.
      [removed] men were also envious of women’s ability to create and deliver life.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 11. 11. Which of the following is NOT one of the central tenants of psychoanalytic theory? (Points : 1)

      [removed] Human behavior is driven by sexual and aggressive instincts.
      [removed] All human beings have intrinsic worth and pure motivation.
      [removed] People experience conflict, both between the individual and society and within the individual.
      [removed] All significant aspects of psychological functioning are unknown to the individual.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 12. 12. In psychodynamic theory, the ego is the psychic structure responsible for (Points : 1)

      [removed] mediating between the primal urges and societal constraints placed on the person.
      [removed] satisfying primal urges.
      [removed] unrealistically high expectations placed on the person’s id and superego.
      [removed] setting oneself up as better than other individuals.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 13. 13. Today, symptoms of what Freud described as hysteria may manifest as _____ or somatoform disorders. (Points : 1)

      [removed] anxiety
      [removed] mood
      [removed] psychotic
      [removed] dissociative

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 14. 14. Object-relations theorists suggest that adult patients who experienced emotional or physical neglect as young children typically report that they feel (Points : 1)

      [removed] a lack of judgment.
      [removed] violent urges.
      [removed] narcissistic tendencies.
      [removed] a deep emptiness.

[removed] [removed] [removed] [removed] Question 15. 15. Erikson might argue that higher depression and suicide rates among adults 80 years of age and older reflects (Points : 1)

      [removed] issues associated declining health.
      [removed] issues associated with the loss of a spouse.
      [removed] negative outcomes in the integrity versus despair stage.
      [removed] negative outcomes in the generativity versus stagnation stage.

  Question 16. 16. How does research suggest that humiliation can damage the brain? (Points : 1)

      [removed] It disrupts the Mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway.
      [removed] It results in acute stress, leading to release of cortisol.
      [removed] It results in abnormal cell structure in the amygdale.
      [removed] It results in synapse damage that restricts brain development.

  Question 17. 17. Kohut believed that most psychopathology resulted from (Points : 1)

      [removed] deficiencies in the structure of the self.
      [removed] an abusive childhood.
      [removed] intrapsychic conflicts.
      [removed] early sexual experiences.

  Question 18. 18. Erikson coined the term _____ to describe the changes and challenges to our sense of self that develop in adolescence. (Points : 1)

      [removed] identity crisis
      [removed] self-concept
      [removed] social stigma
      [removed] angst

  Question 19. 19. In normal child development, the step following _____ is _____. (Points : 1)

      [removed] individuation; symbiosis
      [removed] symbiosis; individuation
      [removed] autonomy; isolation
      [removed] separation; symbiosis

  Question 20. 20. For Freud, the presence of aggression is normal; whereas for Winnicott, the presence of aggression indicates (Points : 1)

      [removed] an attachment problem.
      [removed] gender confusion.
      [removed] extreme narcissism.
      [removed] a brain malfunction.


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